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Northstar Learning Guide: Module 9: Information Literacy

This guide contains instructional materials designed to help learners build the basic computer skills defined by the Northstar Digital Literacy Assessments.

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Module 9: Information Literacy

The resources on this page will introduce you to general principles regarding information literacy. Using your Northstar assessment results page, locate the skills you need to improve in the left-hand column of the table. Then, follow the links in the right-hand column to access the corresponding online learning resources. Ask a librarian or your tutor/instructor if you have questions or need help.

Northstar Standard
Learning Resource
Recognize the need for information


1. Define a problem, formulate a question, or identify a decision that needs to be made.
2. Identify purpose for accessing information; how the information will help solve the problem, answer the question, help to make a decision, help with accomplishing a goal or objective.
Identify what information is needed.  
3. Define the kind of information needed to complete the task.
4. Identify different types and formats of information found online (articles, databases, images, videos, etc.).
5. Plan steps required to solve the problem or accomplish the task.
6. Recognize the costs, in time or money, and benefits of accessing different sources of information (article, newspaper, consumer reports).
Find information  
7. Demonstrate use of efficient search strategies to locate varied resources, including refining search to hone in on relevant
information found in a previous search.
8. Locate potentially relevant information in media found online, including text, video, images, etc. Locate the source of the information.
9. Make use of hyperlinks to follow desired/required path of information.
10.Demonstrate basic understanding of use of non-Internet sources of information (personal documents, Excel spreadsheet, etc).
Evaluate the information  
11. Discern between relevant and non-relevant information in an information source and select the information that addresses the issue that motivated the search.
12. Determine the quality of information by identifying bias, assessing the reliability of sources, and identifying the impact of context.
Organize the information  
13. File/store information in a format that facilitates ease of access for future use (e.g., file naming, folder organization, bookmarking, etc.)
14. Monitor extent to which information solves a problem and know when additional information is needed.
Using the information  
15. Synthesize relevant information from one or more sources.
16. Integrate new information into current knowledge and use it to support understanding, views, perspectives, or opinions.
17. Act on information to solve basic problems or answer a question.
18. Select appropriate format for sharing information, based on audience and purpose, and distribute to intended audience.
19. Evaluate the result of gaining/using the information. Was the question answered? Was the problem solved? Was a better decision made? Was a goal or objective met?